Glossary

freight container terminology

  • Controlled Atmosphere (CA)

    An inert gas system used to extend the storage life of seasonal perishable products. To successfully store fruit for long periods, the natural ripening of the produce has to be delayed without affecting the quality. This is achieved by reducing the temperature of the fruit to the lowest level possible without causing damage by freezing or low temperature breakdown. To delay the ripening even further, the oxygen supply in the space is reduced to levels below that of natural atmoshpere (these are below the level required to support human life). A CA-system can actively adjust and control the air composition.

  • Dry Container

    Freight containers made from steel or aluminium suitable for the transportation of various types of cargo that do not require special conditioning.

  • Equipment Interchange Receipt (EIR)

    Document which has to be filled in and signed by the receiving party in the transport chain every time a container is handed over from one party to another. Its main purpose is to track container damage responsibility through the transport chain. Parties in that transport chain are: vessels, truckers, terminals, depots, stevedores, customers, etc.

  • Flat Rack Container (or Flat Bed Container)

    Flat rack containers have no side walls and are available with fixed or collapsible walls. They are used for the carriage of heavy, bulky items that are over heigt and/or over width.

  • Forty-Foot Equivalent Unit (FEU)

    A container with the standardized length of forty feet.

  • Full Container Load (FCL)

    A container that is loaded with goods from one single shipper. It does not matter how full the container is.

  • Gross Tonnage

    Measurement of a vessel's overall internal volume which is calculated based on "the moulded volume of all enclosed spaces of the ship".

  • High Cube (HC)

    A container that exceeds 8 feet 6 inches in height. A HC container is about 30 cm higher than a standard containers. 

  • Less than Container Load (LCL)

    A shipment which is transported together with goods from other shippers in a single container to the same destination is LCL.

  • Long Ton (LT)

    Unit of weight which equals 2,240 pounds.

  • Metric Ton (MT)

    Unit of weight which equals 1,000 kilograms, 2,204.62 lbs or 35.314 cbft.

  • Modified Atmosphere (MA)

    An inert gas system used to extend the storage life of seasonal perishable products. Unlike a CA-system, however, a MA-system cannot actively adjust/control the air composition.

  • Net Tare Weight

    The weight of an empty container.

  • Net Ton (NT)

    = Short Ton (ST) = unit of weight which equals 2,000 pounds or 907.185 kilograms.

  • Net Tonnage

    Gross tonnage of a vessel less deductions for space occupied by crew's accomodation, machinery, engine room, fuel and for navigation.

  • Net Weight

    Weight of a product without packaging and without the container.

  • Nominal TEU Capacity

    The maximal geometric capacity, expressed in 20 Feet Equivalent Units (TEU). It is the contractual capacity agreed upon in charter contracts or the TEU capacity shown by owner-operators.

  • Open Top Container

    General purpose containers which have a flexible and (re)movable tarpaulin cover instead of a rigid roof. These containers are mainly used to carry over height, heavy or bulky products.

  • Out of Gauge (OOG)

    Cargo which exceeds the internal dimensions of the container/ flat rack in/on which it is loaded by length, width or height.

  • Overheight cargo

    Cargo which exceeds the height of an open top container.

  • Packing List

    Document which details the contents, dimensions and weight of each shipment/container.

  • Pre-cooling

    Articifial cooling of perishables prior to storage or shipping. This requires special equipment or cooling facilities.

  • Pre-Trip Inspection (PTI)

    An extensive check of the reefer machinery to ensure that this is in perfect running condition. PTI’s only relate to the machinery part of the container, not to the general structural inspection.

  • Reefer Container

    A freight container equipped with a refrigeration unit or system suitable for the transportation of temperature sensitive cargoes such as persihables.

  • Short Ton (ST)

    = Net Ton (ST) = unit of weight which equals 2,000 pounds or 907.185 kilograms.

  • Stuffing

    The loading of cargo into a container.

  • Tank Container

    Freight container consisting of a tank and framework used to carry liquids and gases. It is equipped with accessories to facilitate filling and emptying and has safety devices. Also called tanktainer.

  • Twenty-Foot Equivalent Unit (TEU)

    A standard-sized container which is generally twenty feet long, 8 feet wide and 8.5 feet high.

  • Unstuffing

    The unloading of cargo from a container.

  • Verified Gross Mass (VGM)

    Total weight of a container to be loaded on board, including weight of the cargo, packaging, securing materials and tare of the container. Since 1 July 2016 SOLAS regulations require shippers to establish and communicate the VGM to the shipping line prior to loading of the container o/b. There are two ways to obtain the VGM: 1) By weighing the container after sealing at a certified weighing facility. 2) By  adding  the  weight  of  each  package  stuffed  into  the container, plus  the  weight  of  the  packing  and  lashing  material  and  plus  the  tare  weight of  the container,  having  in  this  case  received  a  certification  and  approval  from  a  relevant national regulatory body. Failure to provide such VGM documentation for a container results in non-loading of that container.

IMO classification

  • Hazardous goods

    Goods classified by the UN as potentially hazardous or dangerous to the health and safety of people, other living organisms, property and/or the environment.

  • Class 1

    Explosives

  • Class 2

    Gases

  • Class 3

    Flammable Liquids

  • Class 4.1

    Flammable Solids, self-reactive substances and solid desensitized explosives

  • Class 4.2

    Substances liable to spontaneous combustion

  • Class 4.3

    Substances which, in contact with water, emit flammable gases

  • Class 5.1

    Oxidizing substances - in themselves these are not necessarily combustible, but by yielding oxygen they may cause, or contribute to, the combustion of other material - StreamLines does NOT transport Calcium Hypochlorite

  • Class 5.2

    Organic peroxides - most will burn rapidly and are sensitive to impact or friction

  • Class 6.1

    Toxic substances

  • Class 6.2

    Infectious substances - StreamLines does NOT transport Class 6.2

  • Class 7

    Radioactive material - StreamLines does NOT transport Class 7

  • Class 8

    Corrosive substances - StreamLines does NOT transport Acid Fluids in reefer containers

  • Class 9

    Miscellaneous dangerous substances and articles

sales terms

  • Carriage Insurance Paid To (CIP)

    Carriage and Insurance Paid to (agreed place of destination), non-maritime condition. The transfer of costs occurs when the goods have been delivered to the agreed destination. The transfer of risk occurs at the time that the goods are offered for carriage to put in the care of the (first) carrier as in FCA and CPT. The seller has fulfilled his obligation to deliver when the goods are under the custody of the (first) carrier that was nominated and named by the seller. This means for FCL usually when the goods are loaded in the outgoing means of transport in the factory or in the field of the seller. For an LCL is this usually the moment that the seller has delivered the goods at the designated consolidation warehouse. The insured value of goods is normally 110% of invoice value.

    (source: Incoterms 2010)

  • Carriage Paid To (CPT)

    Carriage Paid To, CPT, (agreed place of destination), non-maritime condition. The transfer of costs occurs when the goods have been delivered to the agreed destination. The transfer of risk already occurs at the time that the goods are offered for carriage to put in the care of the (first) carrier as in FCA. With FCL, this usually means the plant or on the property of the seller after loading and with LCL usually after delivery of the goods to the carrier nominated by the seller itself. The seller has fulfilled his obligation to deliver when the goods are under the custody of the carrier that was nominated and named by the seller. This means for FCL usually when the goods are loaded in the outgoing means of transport in the factory or in the field of the seller. For an LCL is this usually the moment that the seller has delivered the goods at the designated consolidation warehouse.

    (source: Incoterms 2010)

  • Cost & Freight (CFR)

    Sales term denoting that the seller is responsible for arranging and paying for the carriage of goods to the agreed port of discharge. Risk of loss or damage generally passes to the buyer when the goods pass the ship's rail at the port of loading. The seller delivers the cleared goods and transfers them to the carrier appointed by the buyer, in the location or place agreed on. If no exact place has been agreed on, the seller may select where within the stipulated location or area liability is transferred.

  • Cost Insurance & Freight (CIF)

    Sales term denoting that the seller is responsible for arranging and paying for the carriage of goods to the agreed port of discharge and for the insurance of goods covering the period of carriage involved in the contract of sale. The risk of loss or damage generally passes to the buyer when the goods pass vessel's rail at the port of loading.

  • Delivered At Place (DAP)

    Delivered at Place, DAP, (agreed place of destination), non-maritime condition. The transfer of costs and risk occurs when the goods are not cleared and unloaded from the arriving means of transport, and available to the buyer at the agreed place of destination. The seller has fulfilled his obligation to deliver as soon as the goods are not cleared and unloaded from the arriving means of transport, are available at the agreed place of destination. DAP replaces the conditions DAF, DES and DDU. (source: Incoterms 2010)

  • Delivered At Terminal (DAT)

    The transfer of costs and risk occurs when the goods are not cleared and unloaded from the arriving means of transport, and available to the buyer at the agreed destination terminal. The seller has fulfilled his obligation to deliver as soon as the goods are not cleared and unloaded from the arriving means of transport, are available at the agreed destination terminal. Terminal: every place such as the wharf, warehouse, container-, road-, rail- or air terminal.

    (source: Incoterms 2010)

  • Delivered Duty Paid (DDP)

    Delivered Duty Paid, DDP, (agreed place of destination), non-maritime condition. The transfer of costs and risk takes place after the goods custom cleared and duties paid, but not discharged, made available to the buyer at the named place of destination. The seller has fulfilled his obligation to deliver when the goods are custom cleared and  import taxes are paid, not unloaded at the disposal of the buyer at the named place of destination.

    (source: Incoterms 2010)

  • Ex Works (EXW)

    When the goods are loaded on the transport unit of the buyer, the transfer of costs and risks is prior to the loading. The seller has fulfilled his obligation to deliver as soon as the goods are export worthy packed with marks and numbers and ready for sending, at the agreed place and the seller has informed the buyer according.

    (source: Incoterms 2010)

  • Free Alongside Ship (FAS)

    The transfer of costs and risk occur at the time the goods are delivered alongside the vessel that is nominated by the buyer, so before loading. The seller has fulfilled his obligation at the moment that he delivers the goods alongside the (by the purchaser) nominated and named vessel in the port of departure. Alongside i.e. alongside the waterfront, such as a barge or alongside on the tray of the shipping port by truck.

    (source: Incoterms 2010)

  • Free Carrier (Named Place) (FCA)

    The seller arranges goods with invoice, packaging, export licence, customs formalities when exporting and costs up to delivery of the goods to the carrier (the transport company), as stipulated by the buyer and in accordance with the mode of transport.

  • Free Onboard Vessel (FOB)

    Sales term meaning that the seller is responsible for the delivery of goods to the port of loading agreed in the contract and for loading them on board of the vessel nominated by the buyer. The risk of loss or damage to the goods generally passes from seller to buyer when the goods pass ship's rail at the port of loading.

  • Post-carriage

    Freight charges for delivery of the goods arising after the principal international carriage.

  • Pre-carriage

    Freight charges for port delivery of the goods arising before the principal international carriage.

security programs & rules

  • C-TPAT

    C-TPAT stands for Customs-Trade Partnership Against Terrorism, a voluntary supply chain program of U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) to improve U.S. border security while maintaining free flow of international trade.

    StreamLines is C-TPAT certified; StreamLines' C-TPAT account number is : 35561525

  • ISPS

    ISPS stands for International Ship and Port Facility Security; a Code which was established in December 2002 by the International Maritime Organization (IMO) to improve the security of ships and port facilities and to better protect them from all kinds of threats, including stowaways, drug smuggling and piracy.

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